During the Sher Shah's reign 10000-armed men guarded the fort. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. The third floor has a tiny cupola, which opens into the women' quarters. Drive on G.T. The famous Rohtas fort is just 15 miles away from the city. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. Sher Shah Suri had just lost the Fort at Chunar in a fight with the Mughal emperor Humayun and was desperate to gain a foothold for himself. It is spread in 42Sqkm. Proximity to the Naxalite-affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. The Rohtas Fort Conservation Programme was conceived by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation in 2000 to help protect the sixteenth-century Rohtas Fort near Jhelum, and develop it as a heritage site conforming to international standards of conservation and tourism. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. The carving is of the word "Allah" in Arabic. Machicolations are small drains that lead from the inside to the walls outside. B. Indus. The stone walls are almost 12.5m in thickness, with the height of the walls (10m-18m) varying according to the terrain. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). Fatehpur Sikri (India) which is already on the World Heritage List represents the full Mughal realization of a form and style that owes everything to its precursor, Rohtas Fort. Over time, its right bastion and supporting wall have collapsed as a result of permeated rainwater and the erosion of its foundations. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia." After about 100 meters to your left you will find a signpost, which indicates the way towards the road leading to Rohtas Fort which is 8 km away, past the small holy village of Muftian home to the Mufti Tribe. It has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard. To be ever ready in case of attack, stairs lead directly from the courtyard of this mosque to the top of Kabuli Gate. The outer wall of the mosque is the fortification wall itself. The outer arch has a small window like the Sohail Gate. The Naskh script is used. It is in a fair state of preservation. The stay order is still effective but no subsequent government has pursued its execution and has allowed the fort residents to reside there. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. It is probably one of the only surviving early Muslim structure in Pakistan. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites. This resulted in the capture of the Gakhar chief Sultan Sarang Khan and his daughter. This style had not been used in Bengal and Bihar earlier but its emergence at Rohtas was not surprising as more than half the fort's guardians came from Rajputana. A visit to Rohtas Fort Near Jehlum. This fort is an example of purely "Masculine" architecture. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. During his two-month stay at the fort, the Captain destroyed the storeroom and many of the fortifications. It is approximately 16 km Northwest of Jhelum and is near the city of Dina. Search in site. Mangla dam is also located in the city of Jhelum and is … English: Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fort located on the Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan. After the takeover of the Punjab by Emperor Ranjit Singh, Gurmukh Singh Lamba captured the Rothas Fort from the Ghakhar chief Nur Khan, father of Fazil Dad Khan in 1825. Locals have a story to tell about this place that this spot is the mouth of a cave, where a Muslim fakir (mendicant) is buried. It is divided into 3 equal chambers. Situated about 32 kms south-west of the town of Sasaram and about the same distance north-west of Rohtasgarh Fort on the bank of the river Sone, it is a natural hill fort sited amidst gorgeous scenery with the top of the rock having a natural rampart well-fortified by a number of bastions and bulwarks. It is said that he was thrown from here into the valley three times. The fort was commissioned by Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire. Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including … One day visit to Rohtas fort Near Jehlum (Dina). Today only traces of the structure remains now. Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die. The 2000 odd limestone steps were probably meant for elephants. As the Governor of Bengal and Bihar, he made Rohtas his headquarters in view of its inaccessibility and other natural defenses. Rohtas Garh is one of the Vast, ancient and glorious fort. Rohtas Fort. The upper portion has been cut in stone. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. Jhelum is near the site of the famous Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. Drive on the road to enter into the fort and keep driving till you reach the parking area. Mangla Dam on the other hand, is the seventh largest dam in the world, built on River Jhelum in Mirpur Azad Kashmir. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. In 1758, the Marathas invaded the Punjab and took Rohtas Fort. The inscription is in Persian and is translated as, In the Hijri Year 948 [1541 CE] came the exalted The pictures is of a machicolation near the Langar Khana (Mess Hall). This room was for the Pesh Imam (Prayer Leader). The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor … Comment. These verses are surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script. Categories Pakistan Study MCQs Post navigation. Rohtas Fort is an outstanding example of early Muslim military architecture in the South Asia which incorporates features from elsewhere in the Islamic world. Just past Dina you will drive over a railway overpass, stay to the right of the road and take the first U-turn to drive back towards Dina. The fort was never popular with the Mughals because of its military character. It is also present in the guard post in between each gate. There is a mausoleum of perhaps Habsh Khan, the daroga or the superintendent of works of Sher Shah. Rohtas Fort – The Unknown Adventure of Pakistan Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. 8 ... “The Attock Fort is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of the Indus River. [1] Rohtas was also thereafter used for administrative purposes by the Sikh Empire until its collapse by the British in 1849.[10][11]. It is near the Kabuli Gate for the Royal family. Khurram once again came to Rohtas for safety when he tried to win Avadh, but lost the battle of Kampat. This gates name derives from "Talaq" (divorce). It is the largest of the gates and was made in 1597 AD. The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. It is 2,660 feet (810 m) above sea level and covers an area of 70 hectares. Jhelum is a city on the right bank of the Jhelum River, in the district of the same name in the north of Punjab province, Pakistan. There are seven battlements along the outer face of the Sohail gate. The gate also has a room which has windows opening to the inside and the outside. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. Further towards west, some construction must have taken place although there is no written evidence of what it was. At that time constructed the great fort This gate links the citadel to the main fort. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. 5 – Every year, thousands of tourists visit Rohtas Fort. The gate opens to the north and faces towards Kashmir. [3], A 1223 CE (1279 VS) inscription suggests that Rohtasgarh was in possession of one Shri Pratapa. Among the gates that adorn the Fort, the Sohail Gate is … The room is about 8 by 8 feet (2.4 by 2.4 m). Ranjit Singh gave the fort to Mohar Singh who was succeeded by Gurmukh Singh Lamba. [1] Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. A visit to Rohtas Fort Near Jehlum. The outer gate, the entrance of which is from the citadel is 13.3 meters wide and 8.23 meters deep. The gate rectangular in shape, and measures 21.34 metres (70.0 feet) high, by 20.73 metres (68.0 feet) wide, and with a depth of 15 metres (49 feet). These tiles were made in Lahore. From here one has to walk another mile or so before the ruins of Rohtas can be seen. Located in Punjab, near the city of Jhelum, the historic Rohtas Fort is a fortress that was built in the 16 th century by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri during his rule after the Battle of Chaunsa in 1539. Rohtas Fort covers an area of 70 hectares,[4] enclosed by 4 kilometres of walls that were bolstered by 68 bastion towers, and 12 gates. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort.Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan river meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. [1] The Afsharid ruler Nadir Shah camped at the fort during his attack on the Mughal Empire. Jhelum is a few miles upstream from the site of the Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. In 1558 AD, Raja Man Singh, Akbar's Hindu General, ruled Rohtas. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. The gate derives its name from the beautiful glazed tiles used to decorate its outer arch. 5. The dual-carriage Grand Trunk Road takes you past Gujar Khan and Sohawa, to the small city of Dina 110 km away. The forces were numerically quite evenly balanced, although Alexander had more cavalry and Porus fielded 200 war elephants. Derawar Fort. The gate now houses a visitors' information center, and a museum set up by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation. It is about 2 meters wide. By 1788 he even attempted unsuccessfully to ford the plains of Punjab to rescue his brother-in-law the weak Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II who was blinded by a eunuch Ghulam Qadir. Sarang Khan was then killed. 4 – Rohtas Fort is situated on a hill that overlooks a gorge where Kahan river meets a water stream known as Parnal Khas. These tiles are blue in color. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. The reason is that they were allies of the Gakhars and consequently needed no troops to maintain their hold over this area. In early 2005, seepage, heavy rains, and general neglect caused the left inner face of the Talaqi Gate to collapse, and the right flank and foundation to become detached from the original structure. It is made of white sandstone and comprises three domes. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. This Baoli has 148 steps. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort … Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. Some parts of the fort were built with bricks.The fort is irregular in shape and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. Rohtas Fort was designated a World Heritage Site in 1997,[4] having met the following inclusion criteria: Criterion (ii): "Rohtas Fort blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian subcontinent to create the model for Mughal architecture and its subsequent refinements and adaptations. The inner and outer gates are almost mirror images of each other. The area of the fort is 3200 canals. Let’s learn more about visiting the Rohtas Fort and its history in this post. It is the most decorated of the original buildings of the fort. The height of the outer wall varies between 10 and 18 metres, with a thickness that varies between 10 and 13 metres. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". "[4], The fort was also noted for its high-level of integrity, and authenticity.[4]. There are no palaces in the fort except for the Raja Man Singh Haveli, which is built on the highest point of the citadel. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. Amar Singh, the brother of Kunwar Singh, together with his companions took refuge here. Emperor Akbar stayed here for a single night. [1] The enclosed section is site of much of the fort's most notable remains. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. It is a one-storey structure. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. A. Jehlum. This battle took place a few miles downstream from the city centre, along the river banks. After conquering the Persian Empire, Alexander decided to probe into northern India. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. This fort was built in a style that draws from Turkish, Middle Eastern, and South Asian artistic traditions.[4]. These tiles are found on Shishi gate. For the visitor, they are exhausting climb of an hour and a half. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort and could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. edit; Saint John's Church. Its central archway is 4.72 metres (15.5 feet) wide, and maintains its shape throughout the gates depth. The locals call it the Hanging House, as the fall from here is a straight 1500 ft down with no obstacles on the way. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. The Afsharid ruler Nader Shah camped at the fort during his invasion of the Mughal Empire. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. This gate is 15.25 meters high and 13.8 meters wide with two bastions on either side. According to a legend, Prince Sabir Suri entered the gate and had an attack of fever which proved fatal. According to the local legends, the Rohtas hill was named after the Rohitāśva, a son of the legendary king Harishchandra. The gate may have been built in two stages. This is a small entrance seems to be developed by breaking main wall (outer boundary) at latter stage by the locals as a short passage to an adjacent jungle. Taking some rest near Gujrat at the bank of River Chenab. Roh Location. There is no match to his good fortune The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. There is also located a dipilated pond in front of this gate within the fort, since the construction of the fort, for this reason it is now called "Sar Gate" as "Sar" means water pond. The central archway of the Chandwali Gate has been rebuilt recently so that is the only “fake” part of the fort. The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of these tiles. It is on the eastern side of the fort. The inner and outer arches have sunflower motifs like the Sohail Gate. Taking some rest near Gujrat at the bank of River Chenab. the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. The sacred site of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib is showing its splendour outside Kabuli Darwaza (gate) of Rohtas fort on the river bank of River Ghan. The wall is built in sandstone laid in lime mortar mixed with brick. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. In 1621 AD, the Prince Khurram revolted against his father Jahangir and took refuge at Rohtas. The fort is situated at about 1500 feet above sea level. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. [1], The oldest record at Rohtas is a short inscription of "Mahasamanta Shashanka-dava", whom John Faithfull Fleet identified with the Gauda king Shashanka. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎ ; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. A defense against the Mughals because of its 84 steps are left, keeping some guards in charge the! Five battlements south of the only “ fake ” part of rohtas fort on the bank of river fort situated the. Rani Mahal ( Queens palace ) is near the site of much of palace... 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