Teachers in the US education system should be willing to ask what multicultural education is and how they can incorporate it effectively. It is an easy way to begin vocational training. Teachers interested in implementing multicultural education techniques in their classrooms can pursue advanced degrees to understand how laws, policies, and leadership play a role in establishing curricula and coursework that positively impact students. Generally speaking, multicultural education is predicated on the principle of educational equity for all students, regardless of culture, and it strives to remove barriers to educational opportunities and success for students from different cultural backgrounds. In recent years, as student populations have grown more diverse, multicultural approaches to education are increasingly being used in public schools. MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION. Students can write about their family histories or interview family members. Multicultural education values different student cultures and prepares students to thrive in a diverse world. While teachers may be open minded and want to deliver equitable instruction, they may have underlying biases they may not be aware of. Multicultural education also assumes that the ways in which students learn and think are deeply influenced by their cultural identity and heritage, and that to teach culturally diverse students effectively requires educational approaches that value and recognize their cultural backgrounds. At its core, multicultural education fosters equality, justice, and equity, and it establishes the reality of philosophical ideals in classroom environments. Multicultural education is a philosophical concept built on the ideals of freedom, justice, equality, equity, and human dignity as acknowledged in various documents, such as the U.S. Explore how American University’s Master of Arts in Teaching and Master of Education in Education Policy and Leadership degree programs can help you gain insight into what multicultural education is and further your goals as an educator. They can cultivate learning environments that benefit diverse student populations. In this article, we will discuss various disadvantages and advantages of the education … Throughout their coursework, they can train as a classroom teacher through placement in an actual school setting. In practice, educators may modify or eliminate educational policies, programs, materials, lessons, and instructional practices that are either discriminatory toward or insufficiently inclusive of diverse cultural perspectives. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, 50.7 million students attended public elementary and secondary schools in 2018, bringing a variety of backgrounds, languages, perspectives, and cultures to the classroom. Those who believe in and prioritize meritocracy may perceive unequal educational allocations, accommodations, or compensations to be unfair (because some students are being given an unfair advantage, which may diminish opportunities for other, possibly more deserving, students). Share stories of how events in. Multiculturalism is closely associated with identity politics, or political and social movements that have group identity as the basis of their formation and the focus of their political action. Another source of debate stems from the conception of America as a meritocracy in which anyone, if they work hard enough, can succeed and prosper. The practice relies on educators who value the histories and experiences of diverse groups of students. Instead, it is an approach to education that aims to include all students, promote learning of other cultures, and teach healthy social skills in a multicultural setting. They can work with each other to learn about new cultures. Ideally, they may become inclusive adults, free from racial or ethnic biases. If students learn from a young age to be comfortable with differences, they are less likely to develop biases toward people of a different race or ethnicity. Even though instruction often relies on the contents of specific curricula, teachers can infuse multicultural education into every element of their instruction, from the projects they assign to the lessons they teach. Culture in the United States can be separated into several elements, including behavior, beliefs, traditions, and values. Show More. Allowing students to share these experiences with their classmates can accomplish at least two goals: providing validation for the students who share similar experiences and introducing students to new perspectives. Created by the Great Schools Partnership, the GLOSSARY OF EDUCATION REFORM is a comprehensive online resource that describes widely used school-improvement terms, concepts, and strategies for journalists, parents, and community members. Multicultural education is a progressive approach for transforming education based on educational equality and social justice. The components required in educating a multicultural education are content integrations, prejudice … Multicultural education has not yet become a central part of the curriculum regularly offered to all students; instead, educators have relegated it primarily to social studies, language arts, and the fine arts and have generally targeted instruction for students of color. By incorporating culturally responsive pedagogy in curricula and teaching practices, teachers can create an inclusive classroom that values all students. Multicultural education can be seen as a kind of strategy of learning that deals with all sorts of concepts like race, ethnicity, language, origin, and create an effective technique of teaching where the individuality of every student is encouraged rather than being shamed. Implementing multicultural education benefits not only individual students but also society as a whole. Multicultural education is what schools implement to establish equitable educational opportunities for all their … Hello Everyone! Teachers should design lessons that allow students to express their thoughts and experiences in their own voices. Keywords : multicultural educatio n, intercultural communication Multicultural Education exposures students to the different cultural values and beliefs, and helps to create understanding and acceptance of differences between people. Some instructors may adjust their curriculum to reflect the cultural diversity of the students in a specific class. Multicultural education encourages this process by helping us all to see the world in a different way. Sometimes what we may think is the best solution to a problem really isn’t because of what other cultures have already discovered. An important goal of multicultural education is to help students acquire the knowledge and commitments needed to make reflective decisions and to take personal, social, and civic action to promote democracy and democratic living. At the classroom level, for example, teachers may modify or incorporate lessons to reflect the cultural diversity of the students in a particular class. Multicultural education relates to education and instruction designed for the cultures of several different races in an educational system. By. April 7, 2013. is a typically modern concept around teaching children at a young age which encourages social diversity, equality in education, social justice and an understanding of the traditions and languages of other cultures and nationalities. Key Takeaways: Multiculturalism Multiculturalism is the way in which a society deals with cultural diversity, both at the national and at the community level. It is also an ongoing process of helping students succeed in their academic and personal lives. The finding indicates that thorough and balanced courses preparing preservice teachers to teach culturally diverse students are essential to supporting teachers’ awareness, knowledge, and skill in providing equal education for all students. 1. To apply effective teaching practices with diverse student groups, teachers should understand how to create equitable learning environments and multicultural education classrooms. Integrating multicultural education into the existing curriculum, instead of making it a separate content area, relieves the burden of creating separate lessons, units and courses in an already-overburdened curriculum. Multicultural education is a method of teaching that exposes students to a wide variety of cultures, traditions, and social groups in an attempt to help them better understand how they fit into society. panion to Multicultural Education; the Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education; and Citizenship Education and Global Migration: Implications for Theory, Research, and Teaching. 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At the classroom level, for example, teachers may modify or incorporate lessons to reflect the cultural diversity of the students in a particular class. Today's diversity boom is occurring just in time to counterbalance the aging of our white population. Consequently, some students—such as recently arrived immigrants or students of color, for example—may be placed at an educational disadvantage due to cultural or linguistic obstacles that have been overlooked or ignored. Since culture and education have an impact on each other, it is important for people of all cultures to value education and for the education system to value all cultures. Multicultural texts bring out the stories of women, working people, and people of color who have traditionally been ignored. The following list describes a few representative examples of multicultural education giving rise to debate: The Glossary of Education Reform welcomes your comments and suggestions. An education method that fuses the stories, writings, qualities, beliefs, and points of view of every individual from several social foundations is known as Multicultural Education. They learn how to develop evidence-based coursework in order to help establish multicultural education classrooms. Teachers can emphasize the importance of different cultural backgrounds represented in their classrooms through lessons and assignments. The following are few representative ways in which multicultural education may intersect with efforts to improve schools: As demographic changes in the United States have significantly increased the cultural diversity of student populations in public schools—many urban districts, for example, are already “majority minority” districts—multicultural policies and practices have become important and sometimes contentious issues. It clarifies how issues of race, ethnicity, culture, language, religion, gender, and abilities/disabilities are intertwined with … It instills tolerance and … Please select the program you're interested in. Since schools in the United States have traditionally used texts, learning materials, and cultural examples that commonly—or even exclusively—reflect an American or Eurocentric point of view, other cultural perspectives are often absent. By providing my information and clicking the “Submit” button, I consent to be contacted via telephone (including a cell phone, if provided), email, and text message about the program selected above. An education method that fuses the stories, writings, qualities, beliefs, and points of view of every individual from several social foundations is known as Multicultural Education. Students in multicultural educational environments can learn how to value all cultures, bonding with peers over what makes them similar as well as what makes them unique. Further, teachers should understand they may be working with students from many backgrounds who may have biases against one another for cultural, racial, ethnic, or religious reasons. Multicultural education cannot fix social and political problems directly but could very easily be the seed that is necessary to sprout permanent change. Find out with the latest Ed Term of the Week:…. | Learn more ». Please enter a valid phone number (numbers only). Students can be taught to recognize inequities in their classroom and community and use the classroom to discuss real problems their students identify. The American University program prepares teachers to become leaders in education and gain insight into legal education policies and programs. Additionally, teachers promoting equal learning opportunities for students of all races, ethnicities, and backgrounds can implement multicultural education in the classroom in the following ways: For educators to understand what multicultural education is and implement it in their classrooms, they need to be aware of potential biases. Teachers can also incorporate the history, values, and cultural knowledge of students’ home communities in the classroom instruction. Ways to Implement Multicultural Education in the Classroom. It provides students with knowledge about the histories, cultures, and contributions of diverse groups; it assumes that the future society is pluralistic. Understand Your Students. Multicultural education describes a system of instruction that attempts to foster cultural pluralism and acknowledges the differences between races and cultures. Students bring unique perspectives to the classroom and can share their own stories or those of family members. Although it began with the African-American community, the movement soon expanded to include other cultural groups who were subject to discrimination. This transformative practice validates students’ identities and communicates the importance of learning about others’ experiences. To embody what multicultural education is, teachers can vary their methods of instruction to reach all of their students. multicultural education, explain its shortcomings, and offer recommendations for further discussion. This can allow teachers and students to celebrate the diverse culture that America is based upon. What is Multicultural Education? All students can engage with this authentic reading, writing, and problem-solving experiences. It’s important for educators to value their students’ experiences. There are many ways educators can promote social justice and equity in schools, from working to hire a more diverse teacher workforce to mindfully selecting assigned readings that reflect broad cultural diversity. Reforming the school system and integrating a multicultural education system would mean introducing social justice thinking, changing the way we teach, and the way we test what students have learned. Those movements attempt to further the interests of their group members and force issues important to their group members into the public sphere. ©2014 Great Schools Partnership | 482 Congress Street, Suite 500 | Portland, ME 04101 | 207.773.0505 | greatschoolspartnership.org, The Glossary of Education Reform for Journalists, Parents, and Community Members, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, Do you know what it means when data is disaggregated? It addresses the educational needs of a society that contains more than one set of traditions, that is a mixture of many cultures. Educators can also further their academic journeys by earning a Master of Arts in Teaching, choosing from courses such as Effective Teaching for Diverse Students and Theories of Educational Psychology and Human Development. In a rapidly changing world, it is becoming more and more important to promote education programs that cater to the needs of diversified students. If you want to adopt multicultural education in your class, here are some of the most effective ways to do so. Others, who don’t perceive America to be a true meritocracy, may argue that the unequal distribution of educational resources is the only fair way to level the playing field and ensure that every student has an equal—or equitable—opportunity to succeed. Educators can use different teaching methods to promote multicultural education. Teachers interested in honing their skills as multicultural educators can pursue a Master of Education in Education Leadership at American University, choosing from courses including Education Program and Policy Implementation and Educational Leadership and Organizational Change. In many cases, “culture” is defined in the broadest possible sense, encompassing race, ethnicity, nationality, language, religion, class, gender, sexual orientation, and “exceptionality”—a term applied to students with specialized needs or disabilities. If you’re planning to become a teacher or are getting ready to advance your degree in education, here are 3 reasons you will want to make sure multicultural education coursework is a part of the program you enroll in. Teachers, administrators, and school leaders play an important role in ensuring the incorporation of multicultural education by selecting and managing policies, curricula, and teaching styles. Multicultural education has long-term benefits for students because those who learn to appreciate and value the cultural diversity of their peers will ideally grow up to be adults who likewise promote equality and justice. While the debates about multicultural education are both numerous and nuanced, many center on differing interpretations of equity—what is fair and just—and equality—what is applied, allocated, or distributed equally (for example, a school might choose to allocate resources—funding, teachers, staff time, etc.—equally among all students). Teachers who ask themselves “What is multicultural education?” can develop curricula around their students’ cultural backgrounds. An Educator’s Guide to Teaching Diverse Students, American University’s Master of Arts in Teaching and Master of Education in Education Policy and Leadership. Content integration encourages the teacher to provide additional opportunity for higher learning skills, such as inquiry and problem-solving. What Is Multicultural Education? This video is a presentation I made for my Multicultural Education: Pedagogy in Practice course. The main purpose of implementing it in classrooms is to enable educators to adjust or join exercises to highlight diversity and social variety. To cultivate safe and productive learning environments, teachers should be aware of any bias and work toward dissipating it. Some students may be visual learners, others tactile learners or auditory learners. Multicultural education is designed to prepare students for citizenship in a democratic society by teaching them to consider the needs of all individuals. Declaration of Independence, constitutions of South Africa and the United States, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations. Multicultural education is not a task to be done or even an end goal to be accomplished. At the center of many debates about multicultural education is the question of whether such approaches might actually serve to divide rather than unite Americans, and whether certain strategies are fundamentally fair to all students. Multicultural education refers to any form of education or teaching that incorporates the histories, texts, values, beliefs, and perspectives of people from different cultural backgrounds. They learn how to create equitable and effective learning environments in which students from diverse backgrounds can flourish. American University’s School of Education prepares graduate students who want to transition to a career as a classroom teacher, students who are teaching assistants, and current teachers who want to earn an advanced degree while teaching. Define multiculturalism. They develop research skills to help organizations enact legal and economic policies. Related. Opportunities for action help students to develop a sense of personal and civic efficacy, faith in their ability to make changes in the institutions in which they live, and situations to apply the knowledge they have learned (Banks, with Clegg, 1990). Multicultural education is a form of education that introduces students to various cultural backgrounds, beliefs and values. Sociologically, multiculturalism assumes that society as a whole benefits from increased diversity through the harmonious coexistence of different cultures. Banks also points out of multicultural education and various approaches to multicultural pedagogy and curriculum are explored. In this article, we will discuss all of the things that educators should know about multicultural education. Multicultural education values different student cultures and prepares students to thrive in a diverse world. -. This approach to teaching and learning is based upon consensus building, respect, and fostering cultural pluralism within racial societies. They can highlight different cultures in their curricula embedding the study of diverse cultures and peoples in their core academic content. What Is Multicultural Education 1707 Words | 7 Pages. multicultural education is “developing theory, research, and practice that inter-relate variables connected to race, class and gender” (Banks, 2004, p. 13). The United States has always been a multicultural country. In multicultural education, there can be more of an emphasis on diffusing any of the prejudice or misinformation that one student might have about their ethnically-diverse classmates. Multicultural education is an educational philosophy that focuses on celebrating cultural differences while also recognizing the … Multicultural education refers to any form of education or teaching that incorporates the histories, texts, values, beliefs, and perspectives of people from different cultural backgrounds. Multicultural education is a set of educational strategies developed to assist teachers when responding to the many issues created by the rapidly changing demographics of their students. What does “culture” mean in the United States? He is also the editor of the Multicultural Education Series of books published by Teachers College Press, Columbia University. In this way, multicultural education aims to improve the learning and success of all students, particularly students from cultural groups that have been historically underrepresented or that suffer from lower educational achievement and attainment. In the view of some educators, parents, and others, increasing emphasis on diversity and multiculturalism in schools has shifted attention toward economically disadvantaged students of color, and away from white students from wealthier and more educated families. Teachers can also challenge the status quo by inspiring students to address social and school-based inequities that create unequal experiences for marginalized people. As a result, the US education system is made up of students from a variety of backgrounds. Teachers can promote equitable learning by being aware of their students’ various learning styles, which can be influenced by their backgrounds and upbringing. N., Pam M.S. Teachers can encourage students to learn from one another’s experiences and ask questions that promote understanding. Multicultural education is what schools implement to establish equitable educational opportunities for all their students. Schools and teachers can approach multicultural education in a variety of ways, supporting students as they develop positive perspectives of their own cultures as well as the cultures of their peers. 3. But creating equal opportunities in education isn’t as simple as making sure every child gets a seat in a classroom. The following are a few representative ways in which multicultural education may play out in schools: Multicultural education evolved out of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. For a more detailed discussion of these debates, see equity. Online Masters in Education Policy & Leadership, EdD Degree in Education Policy & Leadership Online, What Is Multicultural Education? Multicultural education seeks to present a larger and more social history of this country. Instructionally, multicultural education may entail the use of texts, materials, references, and historical examples that are understandable to students from different cultural backgrounds or that reflect their particular cultural experience—such as teaching students about historical figures who were female, disabled, or gay (a less common practice in past decades). For example, strategies such as “heterogeneous grouping”—the grouping of students with different abilities, backgrounds, and levels of preparation in a single class—often leads to concerns about whether the practice disadvantages higher-performing students who may not be sufficiently challenged in the courses. Action activities and projects should be tun… At its core, multicultural education fosters equality, justice, and equity, and it establishes the reality of philosophical ideals in classroom environments. 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