He left the massachusetts bay colony because he believed that the officials had too much power. … Fact 1- It was founded by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford. A separate colony was established in New Haven In the spring of 1638, when that city was founded. Economy. Year Connecticut Colony Founded: during 1635/1636; Colonists where moving into and staring towns in future Connecticut colony until 1636. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. Colony of Connecticut. The Colony of Connecticut was formed in 1636. Reason for being founded: Connecticut was founded because Thomas Hooker was angry about Massachusetts had giving the governor too much power. In response he created Connecticut and limited the powers of the governor and government with The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Connecticut was originally known as the River Colony. 1650 : The legislature passes the code of laws drawn up by Roger Ludlow. In 1636. One hundred settlers, led by the Minister Thomas Hooker, set up a new colony in Connecticut. and Reverend Samuel Stone led a group of one hundred people in 1636 and founded the settlement of Hartford. Trading posts were also created, which brought a lot of attention. In fact, it was the only religion allowed. Which then led to the founding of the Connecticut Colony and Hookers increased involvement in politics. Initially an Connecticut’s economy included trade and growing crops. Fish, whales, forests. Founded in:1636 Founded by: Thomas Hooker and other colonists, at Hartford. Founder: Thomas Hooker; Settlers: Puritans; Climate: Cold winters and mild summers; Occupations: farming, shipbuilding, fishing, and whaling; Government: Fundamental Orders, Self-Governing . The colony began with one hundred settlers, one hundred and sixty livestock which included pigs goats and cows. website builder. Each colony also established systems of self-government // Virginia was founded in 1607 and Massachusetts was founded in 1629. Fish, whales, forests. Colonies were also established at Old Saybrook and New Haven, which later became part of Connecticut. When the Plymouth Colony was founded … Founded: 1636. The Connecticut Colony was an English colony in British America. The colonies in Connecticut flourished as separate entities. People: The people who settled and lived in the Connecticut Colony were colonists who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635 looking for more religious and economic freedoms. Virginia was founded primarily for economic reasons while Massachusetts was settled by people seeking religious freedom and self-determination. The economy was based … Our founder Thomas Hooker founded Connecticut in 1636 after leaving the Massachusetts Bay Colony. They founded the Connecticut Colony. The constitution of the Connecticut River colony drawn up in 1639, it established a government controlled in democratic style by the "substantial" citizens. The colony's founders (who included Viscount Saye and Sile and Baron Brooke, for whom the colony was named) sold the Saybrook settlement to Connecticut colony in 1644. The land is also nicknamed as the " Nutmeg State" the "Constitution State" or "the land of steady habits". Connecticut Colony Facts. In 1638 the Reverend John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton along with 500 English settlers established New Haven after purchasing a tract of land from the Quinnipiacs. Economy: Conditions for farming were … Colony: The Connecticut Colony was founded in 1635/1636 by Thomas Hooker and a group of Massachusetts colonists. The two major urban centers were Hartford and New Haven. The colony had some early problems with the Dutch, but after that, the English gained control of it permanently by the late 1630s. Connecticut Colony Facts: Home; Founded; Geography; Colony Life; Interesting Facts; Information Internet Links ; Founded. He wanted to set up a colony with limited government. The Connecticut colony was originally founded by Thomas Hooker, a Newton minister in the Massachusetts colony. The rocky soil in Connecticut colony made the people face the hardship to grow crops. The English took control of the colony from the Dutch by the late 1630s. Thomas Hooker was born on July 5, 1586 in a Puritan family in Leicestershire County, England. Create your website today. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, was formed in what would become the US state of Connecticut. After their arrival, several colonies were established including the Colony of Connecticut, Old Saybrooke, Windsor, Hartford, and New Haven. Connecticut was the sixth colony founded after Rhode Island and before New Hampshire. Mystic is a tourist driven region area. He went to school at Cambridge. New London, founded by English settlers, was Connecticut colony's first official port. A puritan minister named Thomas Hooker and Governor John Haynes of the Massachusetts Bay Colony founded Connecticut. Connecticut Founded . White skiff on dock in downtown Mystic Connecticut. The Province of Connecticut was an English colony founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker; it was a charter/New England colony. So he led settlers to Hartford, Connecticut. What’s the difference between Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay? Therefore, there was no religion freedom in this colony. The Connecticut River was the first area settled in the 1630s. By the late 1630s, over 1,000 people had settled into the … Fundamental Orders. In the following two years additional towns were established at Milford, Guilford and Stamford. Connecticut was founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others. Fact 2- Major towns/cities in Connecticut, Hartford, and New Haven. Connecticut was founded for religious and political freedom after a disagreement with Massachusetts Bay. In 1639, he founded the settlement of Fairfield and served for many years as a magistrate and deputy governor of Connecticut. Who founded :Thomas Hooker Economy:The major products of the Connecticut colony were manufactured. History Geography Economy Government Fun Facts Sources Fun Facts. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. The main reason Connecticut was founded and settled was for its fertile land. Connecticut's population expanded gradually, and by 1662 the colony included over a dozen towns, including Saybrook, New London , Fairfield , and Norwalk , as well as East Hampton and Southampton on Long Island. These cities, together with Southold on Long Island and Branford, became the republic of New Haven. The Pequot tribe, however, wanted the land. Connecticut colony was filled with hilly eastern uplands and narrow lowlands. These new settlers rejected the autocratic rule of the Puritans in Massachusetts. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut.It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. Settled in Newtown Connecticut, the new settlers drafted a constitution known as the Fundamental Orders in 1639. Settlements continued to spring up elsewhere. Facts about Connecticut Colony 3: the religions. The colony was founded by Puritan colonists who believed the Massachusetts Bay Colony was too strict and oppressive in its religious beliefs, as well as over crowded. Thomas Hooker. The climate was colder than England's and its summer were mild. The Puritans dominated Connecticut colony. This feature is not available right now. Hooker Unhappy with Government. Microsoft may earn an Affiliate Commission if you purchase something through recommended links in this article. Much of the land settled by the colonists was purchased from the Mohegan Indians. Thomas Hooker occasionally got into trouble for his religious beliefs, so he was forced to go to Holland. And the colony is most densely populated. The gentry were the elite with the most powers and the slaves were on the bottom rung of society.1 Religion played a monumental role in the social structure of the colony. Historians maintain that Hooker looked towards Connecticut to … The Connecticut colony was called "the land of long tidal rivers" by the native Americans there. Arguably, they could be the main reason Connecticut was revisited before it was declared a colony. Hartford quickly became an important center of government and trade. The major trades of the people who lived there were making pots, pans, cloth, shoes, spices, pins, hats, and combs. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. The Connecticut Colony replaced the area of the Massachusetts Colony, and was founded by Thomas Hooker and a group of Massachusetts colonists. It was founded by Roger Williams. The Massachusetts Bay Colony continued to grow, but not all the members of the colony agreed with how it was being governed. Thomas Hooker, a preacher from Massachusetts, led his congregation to the river in search of rich farmland. Three years later, the settlers drafted a document known as "The Fundamental Orders." Motivation for Founding: People from the Massachusetts colony moved to what would become Connecticut because they were looking for more freedom and financial opportunities. 1662: John Winthrop Jr. acquires a royal charter meant to unite the colony of Connecticut with the New Haven Colony. Their government was based on the people. Historically important colonial settlements included: Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), Saybrook (1635), Hartford (1636), New Haven (1638), and New London (1646). Connecticut was named after an Algonquin word, quinnehtuvqut. It also gave them no religious freedom so they had to be Puritan. It was formed on March 3, 1636, and was used as a haven for Puritan gentlemen. It was first called the River Colony and was organized on March 3, 1636. It was a place for Puritan noblemen. Connecticut Colony . Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised. 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