We also know that if for some reason those spinal nerves in the back get damaged, the calf muscle will shrink and die. Torn Calf Muscle Recovery The best way to recover from a torn calf muscle is by protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation (PRICE). Climbing or running up hills. To find out more, book an appointment online or call: 0808 656 9611. In severe cases surgery might be performed.A physiotherapist might prescribe ultrasound treatment, sound waves; which speeds up the repair process, by breaking down tissues and stretching them. The aim is to reduce the bleeding and damage in the muscle. Full recovery takes approximately five to eight weeks. The earlier the treatment, the better the outcome. Grade 3 calf strain : This is the most severe calf strain, with a complete tear or rupture of the affected muscle fibers. They are responsible for extending the foot (plantar flexion) and bending the leg at the knee joint. These 3 muscles are referred to as ‘the triceps surae’, and they attach to the Achilles tendon. Treatments may include: Rest. In a grade 1 strain recovery is roughly 2 weeks. If you’re after the fastest way to heal a strained calf muscle, then physiotherapy may be able to … They are responsible for extending the foot (plantar flexion) and bending the leg at the knee joint. Refrain from exercise, sports or other strenuous activitiesand rest the leg as much as possible. Not all ruptures require surgery to fix. Ice.Apply ice to the calf muscle for 10 to 20 minutes at a time once every hour or as often as possible. The recovery time for a ruptured calf muscle will vary according to the severity of the injury and the injured person's ability to stay off the leg. Elevation. It can also help alleviate pain. Wear a heel pad in your shoe for a few days to raise your heel and shorten the injured calf muscle, which will relieve some of the tension / pain. A doctor or physiotherapist might recommend an MRI scan to assess the extent of rupture. A mild calf muscle strain may resolve within in a few days. Bruising and swelling are very likely to occur immediately following the injury, and the injured person may be unable to put weight on the affected leg. If there is any underlying medical condition, such as a heart condition, it is important to seek medical advice before receiving massage. Some can be treated with just the RICE treatment and sufficient time off the leg, and the muscle tissue will heal on its own after time. TRITEMP™ is a commercial product, please fill in the details below to receive a quotation. It is recommended that initial treatment comprises: 1. rest; 2. ice; 3. compression; and 4. elevation. After 48 hours, stretching and strengthening exercises should be started. In more severe cases it could take a month to 6 weeks to fully heal an injured calf muscle, so just be sure to listen to your body before resuming sports activities. In a grade 2 strain, recovery can take up to 5-8 weeks, and for grade 3 strains can take up to 3-4 months.Rest: to prevent further damage.In the sub acute (3 days to 3 weeks) and the chronic stage (3 weeks to 2 years) it is important that training should be adapted to avoid jumping or any exercises that put excessive strain on the gastrocnemius or soleus. Wearing inappropriate footwear. Mobility should be limited during this recovery time, which can be difficult for many active people. If the tear is not complete, your doctor will send you home with instructions for self-care using the RICE treatment protocol. A ruptured calf muscle occurs when a muscle is put under too much strain and the muscle fibers tear completely away from themselves or from the tendons that secure the muscles to bone. The calf muscle is found at the back of the lower leg and is comprised of three muscles: the plantaris, the gastrocnemius and the soleus. Massage can help aid recovery, and improve joint mobility and range of movement. As the muscle tear heals, physical therapy exercises are utilized to regain full range of motion and muscular strength. The soleus sits deep to the gastrocnemius, with the plantaris muscle and part of its tendon located between these two muscles. For further advice on causes, symptoms and treatment, you can find out more advice about torn calf muscle injuries here. Friction massage may help decrease adhesions. Medical advice should be sought, in case of possible side effects.Orthotics can prevent overprontation. Pain on resisted plantar flexion (pointed toe) or when standing on pointed toes. During this time, you should apply an ice pack wrapped in a thin towel to the torn muscle for 15-20 minutes every 2 … Treatment depends on how severe the muscle tear is. Muscle Strain Treatment Self-Care at Home The amount of swelling or local bleeding into the muscle (from torn blood vessels) can best be managed … A calf strain occurs as a result of these muscles being torn or pulled. This tool helps you do just that. A torn gastrocnemius muscle is a severe injury to the back of the calf area of the leg. Avoid walking or other activities that cause pain. Pain is felt when walking or weight bearing. Treatment for a gastrocnemius muscle tear. Symptoms of a torn calf that don't improve after a few days or start to worsen could be a sign of a more severe tear or a gastrocnemius muscle rupture. 4. NSAIDS (anti-inflammatories) and paracetamol can be taken to aid pain relief. In the meantime, you can use the following home treatments: Ice or cold compresses. Your calf muscles are a large, powerful group of three calf muscles (soleus plus your medial and lateral gastrocnemius). Grade 2 calf strain: There is a partial tear of the affected muscle fibers, so you can't continue the activity. Rest. Ice treatment: Ice, can be applied for 10-15 minutes, every 2-3 hours in the acute and sub- acute stage (frequency can be reduced according to recovery, and can be continued for as long as deemed necessary). But don't avoid all physical activity. Anti-inflammatory medicines may be used. In many cases, a ruptured calf muscle will require surgery to repair the damaged muscle tissue, and the surgery will be followed by a rehabilitation period of rest and physical therapy. The muscle feels tight and painful on resisted plantar flexion (pointing the toe). Pain/discomfort can be felt after the activity, and can last from between 2-5 days. Obtaining crutches from a doctor is one way to keep the leg immobile during the recovery phase while still maintaining the ability to move around for daily activities. Putting ice on the injured area may ease swelling. Symptoms of a calf strain may depend on the severity of the injury. To treat a torn muscle, follow the RICE method, which stands for Rest, Ice, Compress, and Elevate. In most cases, people can treat a stretched calf muscle at home with a cool, warm compress and relaxed height. The immediate treatment of any soft tissue injury consists of the RICER protocol – rest, ice, compression, elevation and referral to a sports medicine professional. Use a cold therapy and compression wrap to minimise any bleeding within the muscle. Exercise 2 for recovering calf muscle tear. A few days after the injury, bruising will appear below where the partial tear has occurred. The intensity of the exercises should be increased gradually and in a controlled way. Heel raises and calf stretches form the basis of these exercises and should be gradually progressed in number of repetitions and load before returning to sport. What are the Different Types of Calf Muscles? It is also helpful to stretch after activity. There are three different degrees of calf strain: grade 1 is a mild strain, grade 2 moderate to severe pain and a grade 3 strain is a complete rupture. When a muscle is stretched, small micro tears occur in the muscle fibres. RICE protocol should be followed for 48–72 hours. For the first couple of days, follow the 4 steps known as RICE therapy to help bring down swelling and support the injury: Rest – stop any exercise or activities and try not to put any weight on the injury. 3. Typical recovery from a medial gastrocnemius strain is six weeks until return to athletic activities. Causes: A calf strain occurs when the calf muscles are over stretched. While these latter injuries can often be treated without a visit to the doctor, a rupture will require medical attention. Strapping provides support. 2. 3. Depending on how bad the torn calf muscle is, the recovery time could be between 3 weeks and 4 months. A simple reuseable gel pack with an elastic wrap is ideal. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Stretching the calf muscle before activity (standing wall stretch, heel raise, seated dorsiflexion, etc.). The severity will also affect how long it takes to heal. Ice bands are an effective way of applying ice therapy. Calf problems - Muscle, bone and joint injuries | NHS inform Even if you're seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. We know that it’s usually the S1 and S2 nerves in the spine that supply the calf muscle. Want to save up to 30% on your monthly bills? This is a treatment option for patients with more severe cases of ruptured muscle or torn ligament. You must be able to walk without pain before you are ready to return to exercise and sports. Ice. Should you walk on a torn calf muscle? Insufficient warm up or cool down is a common cause of calf strain. This can be caused by a sudden, abrupt movement or as a result of over use. It should not be administered during the acute stage. Ice. These 3 muscles are referred to as ‘the triceps surae’, and they attach to the Achilles tendon. It is a common injury and is often caused by overstretching or by putting excess force through the calf muscle. To start, take a break from exercising for a few days, or until your pain goes away. Elevation.Elevate the leg at or above th… Listen to your body Copyright Vivomed Ltd. All rights Reserved. Elevation: Gravity will assist lymphatic drainage and aid venous return. It is vital that all patients with a potential calf muscle complete rupture seek physiotherapy or medical assessment as soon as possible to determine if the muscle is completely ruptured. Then, you should start resuming short-distance, … Hold the back of a chair and gently rise up on your toes. It may take many more months to … Not all ruptures require surgery to fix. Repeat 4 times to strengthen your calf muscles. If the injury is severe or the pain does not improve over time, it is best to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. The appropriate course of treatment depends on the severity of your injury. Treatment of a medial gastrocnemius strain can usually be accomplished with simple steps. A torn calf muscle is one of the most common types of muscle tears. In most instances, initial treatment includes activity modification (limiting muscle-loading activities), wearing a boot (Cam Walker), and using crutches. Do not apply ice directly to the skin as it can cause ice burns. The calf muscles are located on the back of the lower legs. This is vital as delayed treatment may result in a poor outcome due to shortening of the torn calf muscle. Cold therapy can be applied for 10 to 15 minutes every hour initially, reducing frequency as symptoms allow. A calf strain occurs when fibres of either of these two muscles are torn. Some can be treated with just the RICE treatment and sufficient time off the leg, and the muscle tissue will heal on its own after time. If treated properly, it can take up to three weeks to heal Grade 1 calf pulls, four to six weeks to heal Grade 2 muscle strains, and … If you’ve suffered a minor strain, which is not stopping you from continuing your activity, you may only need to consider targeted strengthening exercises to prevent further, more serious, damage. 2. Let me give you a concrete example that ties back to my calf muscle tear. In a Grade 3 degree strain: (a complete rupture). A few days after the injury, bruising will appear below where the rupture has occurred. These are called the gastrocnemius, which is the big muscle at the back of the lower leg and the soleus muscle, which is a smaller muscle lower down in the leg. Your calf muscles produce very high contractile forces that … Pain is felt immediately, and can feel like a burning or stabbing sensation. approach — rest, ice, compression, elevation: 1. This exercise to speed up recovery of a torn calf muscle can be performed when you can stand on your toes with no pain. Using crutches can help keep a person mobile while their ruptured calf muscle heals. A sudden change of direction, explosive movement or increase in speed can result in the calf muscles becoming torn or strained. In general, a person should have a full range of motion of the ankle and knee, a painless stretch of the calf, no tenderness of the muscle an… Significant improvement can be expected within the first two weeks, but full recovery can take up to 6-8 weeks. The calf muscle is found at the back of the lower leg and is comprised of three muscles: the plantaris, the gastrocnemius and the soleus. Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0 Snapping Hip Syndrome symptoms and treatment, Ankle Support, Plantar Fasciitis & Foot Braces. Treatment of a torn calf muscle usually does not require surgery. The muscles can feel tight and ache when stretched. The surgical procedure involves the release of blood from the affected part, and the torn part of the calf muscle is attached to the tendon. For injury prevention, it is essential that a warm up and cool down forms part of an exercise programme (10-20 minutes, depending on the duration of the programme). Torn calf muscle treatment. Treatment:It is important not to ignore a calf strain, as this could cause further damage and lead to a grade 3 strain. A physiotherapist or sportsmassage therapist or sports therapist can advise when exercise should be resumed and what exercise would be appropriate. The severity of these tears depends on the depth and suddenness of the stretch. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. What are the Most Common Causes of Calf Pain? They help to support the bones of the lower leg such as the tibia and fibula. What are the Different Types of Calf Muscle Injury. Resistance bands are good for gentle stretching. "Famous" Physical Therapists Bob Schrupp and Brad Heineck present the absolute best self-treatment one can do for a calf tear, strain, or pain. Do this exercise 2 times a day. Rest. Treatment of calf muscle tears is usually non-surgical, and dependent upon the individuals symptoms. Exercises should focus on stretching and strengthening, focusing on the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles; for example calf and toe raises. But don't forget about it; if left in place too long can cause a flexion contracture (shortening) of the achilles tendon and permanent stiffness of the ankle. Torn Calf Muscle Recovery Time. Hold for 5 seconds. Unable to contract the muscle, as the muscle has ruptured completely. A sensation of being hit on the back of the lower leg. Immediately following the injury, the RICE treatment should be used. This method involves: 1. Over pronation. According to various studies, it has been proven that warming up prior to exercises can lessen the risk of having muscle strains. As with most soft tissue injuries, the initial treatment is RICE – Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Compression. [7] Muscle Strain Prevention Warm Up Exercises. Lower yourself back down. Elevating the leg helps reduce swelling and improves blood flow to the injured area, so if possible, the injured person should keep the leg elevated until he or she can see a doctor. It is therefore, worth consulting a podiatrist, who can perform gait analysis and advise on appropriate foot wear.Kinesiology taping aids recovery by assisting with lymphatic drainage, and the repair of damaged tissues. Investigations, like X-rays, ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be necessary for the assessment. RICE stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation, and a ruptured calf muscle will need this treatment to keep swelling, bruising, and pain to a minimum. The pain due to torn calf muscles usually subsides after 2 days. Ruptures can lead to internal bleeding in many cases, however, so this condition will need to be addressed by a doctor. Ice should be applied to the ruptured calf muscle to reduce pain and swelling, and the injured person will need to rest the affected leg by keeping all weight off it. During a muscle strain, the muscle tissue fibers disengage and separate slightly. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. A pulled calf muscle, aka "calf tear" or "calf strain", is a really common injury where one of the calf muscles gets overstretched causing some of the muscle fibres to tear. It’s critical to follow all of your doctor’s instructions during your recovery period. We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. 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